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Maintain attribution Tht Goog Xt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find additional materials through Google Book Search. Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal.


PARIS, FBINTXD POB THX OMENTAL TKANSLATION FUND OF GEEAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND : BENJAMIN DUPR&T, BOOKSELLER TO THE INSTITUT DE PRANCE AND THE Bl BLIOr Hfol UE ROVALE, AND ALLEN AND CO., LEADENHALL-STREET, LONDON.A public domain book is one that was never subject to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired.Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country.The reason assigned by Ibn Kliatdt^n for this peculiarity may not be completely satisfactory, but it is stated in a manner so highly characteristic of that writer that it cannot tail to interest the Euro- pean reader. " time, consisted of Arabs wholly ignorant of the mode by which learning *' is taught, of the art of composing works and of the means by which " knowledge is enregistered; for to these points they had not hitherto directed '' their attention. — Here Ibn Ehald On hai fallen Into a mit Uke ; at-Z«jjlj «at preceptor to al-Plrlii and died ai leatt i Slj jean before bin. and always assumed that, (or one effect, a single cause was quite su Flicienl.'* The {Moslim) religion," says he, '* when first promulgated, did [not *' include {the knowledge of) either science or art; such was the extreme " simplicity of (hat nomadic civilisation {to which thi$ doctrine wtu adapted). Under the companions of Muhammad and their immediate " successors things continued in the same state; and, during that period, " the designation of kurrd [readers) was applied to those who, being not " totally devoid of learning, knew by heart and communicated information. This rule is by no means so certain as he imagined, and its weakness is ma- nifest in the present case.Google This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project to make the world's books discoverable online.

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain.

It is easy to see that one general idea pervades these various significations, that of proximity, either in a physical or a moral sense.

The primitive signi Gcalion of the verb loala is also apparent in the derivative wall (^Jj propinquus), which serves to express the idea of friend, and that of taint, because saints are near to God.

Public domain books are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover.

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the publisher to a library and finally to you.

The obligation of the patron [al-mawla a Uaala) to pay the diya, or fine for blood (1), incurred by the client (a/-mawfaai-a«/al); 2.