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There were then, and are still, many questions of metre, pro- nunciation, orthography, and etymology yet to be settled, for which more prints of Manuscripts were and are wanted ; and it is hardly too much to say that every line of Chaucer contains points that need reconsideration. Furnivall) began with The Canterbury Tales , and has given of them (in parallel columns in Royal 4to) six of the best theretofore unprinted Manuscripts known. All the Society's Publications can still be had — except First Series, Nos. Members’ names and subscriptions should be sent to the home Hon. Dalzikl, Esq., 67 Victoria Road, Finsbury Park, London, N. To do honour to Chatjcee, and to let the lovers and students of him see how far the best unprinted Manuscripts of his works differd from the printed texts, this Society was founded in 1868. The yearly subscription, which constitutes Membership, is 2 guineas, beginning with January 1, 1868. Bright, of Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, for the South and West. Dalziel, Esq., 67 Victoria Road, Finsbury Park, London, N. The Prologue and Knight’s Tale, of the Canterbury Tales, in 6 parallel Texts (from the 6 MSS named below), together with Tables, showing the Groups of the Tales, and their varying order in 38 MSS of the Tales, and in 5 old printed editions, and also Specimens from several MSS of the “Moveable Prologues” of the Canterbury Tales, — The Shipman’s Prologue, and Franklin’s Prologue, — when moved from their right places, and of the Substitutes for them.
Professor Tatlock points out that this phrase for the Cock is from Troilus , iii, 1415.] [c. So, too, when poets tell us that Troilus knew in love no law until he saw Cressid praying at the church (Nos. I found that absent Troylus was forgot, When Dyomede had got both brooch and belt, Both gloue and hand, yea harte and all, God wot, When absent Troylus did in sorowes swelt, — PS CHAUCER CRITICISM. For Chaucer invented the niece-fiction, and Pandar is not once mentioned in the Testa- ment. The revived title reads :] Geffrey Chauncier sende these Balades to kyng Richard. The Prologue , or the mery adventure of the Pardonere and Tapstere at the Inn at Canter- bury. When, for example, George Gascoigne wrote : I found naught else but trickes of Cressides kinde, Which playnly proude that thou weart of hir bloud. Miss Spurgeon remarks, to be sure, that ‘ there are several refer- ences to Cresside in Gascoigne’s poems ; these are possibly to Chaucer’s poem, but no special reference is made to him.’ When, however, Gascoigne wrote even such an insignificant line as As Pandars niece (if she wer here) would quickly giue hir place, 1 he was definitely referring to Chaucer.
The Shipman's, Prioress’s, and Man of Law’s Tales, from the Petworth MS. FIVE HUNDRED YEARS OF CHAUCER CRITICISM AND ALLUSION FIVE HUNDRED YEARS OF CHAUCER CRITICISM AND ALLUSION (1357-1900) BY CAROLINE F. r 1 There are, to be sure, a number of tests by which one can il -separate allusions to Chaucer’s story from allusions to Henryson’s — if one is determined to adopt so modern and unjustifiable an y Attitude. 1391 — he was certainly thinking of the Testament , from which he bor- rowed the ‘belt’ and its riming-mate ‘swelt.’ But these lines are closely followed by three others which imitate verses in Chaucer’s Troilus (see No. Gascoigne evidently thought that his information came from Chaucer; and the two allusions which Miss Spurgeon gives from the Posies utterly fail to indicate the enormous fascination the Troilus-Cressida story, as told in every edition of Chaucer’s works known to Gascoigne, had upon him. 2] As Guydo dop in ordre ceryously And pus I most don offenciourc, poru^e necligence or presumpcknm So am I sette euene amyddes tweyne Gret cause haue I & mater to compleyne.
(Separate issues of the Texts forming Part I of the Six-Text edition.) The issue for 1869, in the First Series, is, VIII— XIII. The Miller’s, Reeve’s, and Cook’s Tales: Ellesmere MS, Part II ; IX. The Miller’s, Reeve’s, and Cook’s Tales, with an Appendix of the Spurious Tale of Gamelyn, in 6 parallel Texts. He alluded to it constantly, though, like Gascoigne, he usually had the Cresseid of the Scotch poet in mind (see Nos. Some distinction, of course, must be made between allusions to genuine and to uncanonical works, but in drawing a sharp dis- tinction between Troilus and Criseyde and the Testament of Cresseid , an allusion book might almost defeat its own purpose.” It is, however, only partly true that we have drawn a distinc- tion between Chaucer’s genuine and uncanonical works.
XIV.) The issue for 1870, in the First Series, is, XIV. Peculiarly enough, too, the Chaucer Allusions contains only one quotation from George Turbervile — a bare reference in his Book of Falconry (1575) to ‘a Canterbury tale’; whereas the Troilus- Cressida story influenced Turbervile even more than Gascoigne.
Only a few allusions to Henryson’s Cresseid have crept in here, but by excluding them one cannot Ifope justly to show the influence of Chaucer’s own poem. 110), Gascoigne refers to Cressid’s unchastity with mention of both Chaucer and ‘Lollius,’ only to continue (in lines not quoted in the Chaucer Allusions ) with a brief summary of Henryson’s story. These are additional references.] Mas Uine 01 ' -^ 0 take on me it were but hi^e foly quoted in i n an y W y Se £ 0 a dde more per-to above.] For wel I wot anoon as I haue do pat I in soth no panke disserue may Because pat he [Chaucer] in writyng was so gay And but I write I mote pe troupe leue Of troye boke and my mater breue And ouer-passe and nat go by and by [col. 24 above, ending] To god I pray pat he his soule haue After whos help of nede I most crave And seke his boke [ Troilus ] pat is left be hynde Som goodly worde per in for to fynde To sette amonge pe crokid lynys rude Whiche I do write as by similitude 4 [a.d. pe ruby stant so royal of renoun With Inne a ryng of copur or latoun So stant }ei ben so excellent per is no makyng to his equipolent We do but halt who so takep hede pat medle of makyng with outen any drede Whan we wolde his stile counterfet We may al day oure colour grynde & bete Tempre our a 30 ur and vermyloun But al I holde but presumpcioun [c.
Wherever possible, she has rigidly excluded every yjline that savors, or seems to savor, of Henryson’s Testament ' of Cresseid , although from 1535 to 1650 this poem was, by almost all readers and editors, thought to be Chaucer’s own work, and vit so completely changed the course of Chaucer’s narrative that after about 1560 Henryson’s Cresseid, not Chaucer’s Criseyde, ^was the heroine always thought of, whether or not her leprosy H was explicitly mentioned.
The first six MSS printed have been : the Ellesmere (by leave of tbe Earl of Ellesmere) ; the Hengwrt (by leave of W.