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Consequently, the markets for fair trade coffee and organic coffee are expanding.
Roasted beans are ground and brewed with near-boiling water to produce coffee as a beverage.Before then, all exported coffee was boiled or otherwise sterilised.Portraits of Baba Budan depict him as having smuggled seven coffee seeds by strapping them to his chest.According to al Shardi, Ali ben Omar may have encountered coffee during his stay with the Adal king Sadadin's companions in 1401.Famous 16th-century Islamic scholar Ibn Hajar al-Haytami notes in his writings of a beverage called qahwa developed from a tree in the Zeila region.The story of Kaldi, the 9th-century Ethiopian goatherd who discovered coffee when he noticed how excited his goats became after eating the beans from a coffee plant, did not appear in writing until 1671 and is probably apocryphal.
Other accounts attribute the discovery of coffee to Sheikh Omar.
Coffee seeds were first exported from East Africa to Yemen, as the coffea arabica plant is thought to have been indigenous to the former.
Yemeni traders took coffee back to their homeland and began to cultivate the seed.
Upon drinking the liquid Omar was revitalized and sustained for days.
As stories of this "miracle drug" reached Mocha, Omar was asked to return and was made a saint.
Coffee is slightly acidic and has a stimulating effect on humans because of its caffeine content.