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But the Central officers remain little known, despite the old catalogue provided by Fernand Cortez (1921), which moreover should be reviewed; it would be also useful to continue the research carried out by Mrs. Reynaud on the central and local officers of the second house of Anjou. We still need systematic research studies which could help to consider regional specificities and to integrate them in a wide comparative reflection on public service in the Angevin space.Finally, the reflection on the offices themselves, on their development and their structure, including the seneschalat, deserve special attention, in the light of the recent works on the papal officers (A. For the kingdom of Sicily-Naples, historians have accomplished during the last twenty years significant advances in the knowledge of a critical period in the history of Mezzogiorno, thanks to many studies on sources, prosopography and institutional structures. These studies have reconstructed the social, economic and administrative structures of the first age of the Angevin kingdom, and have left behind many historiographical preconceptions, such as the idea of the Mezzogiorno as a static feudal world.
First, the prosopographical method and the design of the first database on the Angevin officers will allow to go beyond the documentary limits of the history of the kingdom of Naples.The program presented in this portal is part of a fruitful development of historical reflection, due to the work carried on since the 1990s by various teams and generations of researchers.It was marked by many international conferences that have awakened the so-called Angevin studies, which had declined since the post-war period because of the discouragement that captured researchers following the destruction of the Angevin records of the Archivio di Stato di Napoli in 1943.René, grandson of Louis, was also count of Guise, marquis of Pont-à-Mousson, duke of Bar and duke of Lorraine; after the death of his elder brother Louis III he became duke of Anjou, count of Provence and Forcalquier, count of Piedmont, king of Sicily, king of Jerusalem, and claimed the crown of Aragon.Beyond the personal unions, the titles without real content, the more or less ephemeral dominations, the epic of the conquests and the bitterness of defeats, is there any unit in this political construction that evolved in the European and Mediterranean area?In the 19 century, lawyers, savant scholars, archivists (Ch. Gontard de Launay, d'Espinay, Lecoy de la Marche † 1897, Port...) produced studies and research tools (dictionaries, articles, monographs, collections of documents...) which allow to glimpse not only the organization of administrative, judicial, financial and military structures in Anjou and Maine, but also the role played by the officers of the Angevin entourage.
These publications, useful for today's researchers (they show the consistency and the location of archival and bibliographic sources), unfortunately contain many errors and gaps.
Thus, for the Mediterranean area, Provence has been studied in depth for the 14th century: J.-L. The modes of their integration in the governments of the cities, their links with local élites were not considered in detailed studies, which would help to understand the processes at work between 13 century, the phase of the institutional genesis of an Angevin monarchy. Bertano, which appear today incomplete and imprecise.
Bonnaud was able to reconstruct the circulation of local officers during the reigns of Robert and Joanna (between 13), and to analyse the careers of this environment and the structures of their offices. The officers of many areas under Angevin domination are still little known: we should begin to work on the officers and their mobility in Tuscany, Anjou and the Balkans. Borghese emphasized the activity of officers coming from the kingdom of Sicily. During the last century, historians were especially interested in the great officers of the princes (see ), but only in the most recent decades, with the awakening of the Angevin studies, the officers were globally reconsidered.
Robert of Naples finally gathered together the alliances and seigneuries in northern and central Italy; he became lord in Genoa in 1318, in Florence in 1325; he obtained from pope John XXII the imperial vicariate in Italy.
The second house of Anjou, resulting from the adoption by Joanna of Naples of Louis I of Anjou in 1380, refocused on its dominions in France and Provence and progressively lost the control of the kingdom of Naples, totally conquered by the Aragonese in 1442.
To date, we do not have a comprehensive list of officers having served in Anjou and Maine and confusion exists between several individuals, due to the diffusion of homonymy in the Middle Ages. Mathieu...), but so far we can only deplore the lack of a general synthesis on the subject of medieval officers in Anjou: each of these historians meets such officers in his research activity, flushes out the old errors and approximations, carefully compiles information on them, but data are still split between various publications.